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Introduction

The Dinaric karst is recognized as an important Ecoregion represented with remarkable caves, big sinking streams and abundant karst springs. Although well-expressed karst phenomena of the Dinaric karst resulted in early descriptions and karstological investigations, including the first descriptions of cave animals, the Dinaric karst still remains largely unexplored, and more importantly extremely endangered.

The Project aims to protect Dinaric Arc subterranean ecosystems through protection of specific karstic features: type localities of cave species, as a shelter for highly endemic and endangered fauna. The conservation is based on development of cross-sector cooperation, collecting scientific data and conducting public awareness campaigns on the values and fragility of karst subterranean habitats.

Type localities of cave species

Type localities of cave species are caves (and other types of localities, e.g. springs) where specimens were collected for scientific species description. In these caves type material is preserved, and they represent important storage of cave animals for scientists interested in biodiversity, taxonomy, systematic and molecular analyses etc. The importance at the scientific level reveals the importance for conservation

Geographic scope of Biospeologica Dinarica

The Dinaric karst area is a 700 km long and up to 150 km wide area of karst spread in NW - SE direction, from Trieste in Italy and Slovenia in the northwest, over Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro to northwest Albania in the southeast, with small part in Serbia. Dinarides coveres in total approximately 60 000 km² and forms the largest continuous karst landscape in Europe, located between Adriatic see on the south and Panonian Basin on the north, Alps on the west and Hellenid Mts. the on east.